Wednesday, 12 December 2012

Royals in Medals #9: The Duke of York (and family)

Prince Andrew, Duke of York, KG, GCVO

The Duke of York was born on 19 February 1960 at Buckingham Palace, the second son and the third child of The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh.  He was the first child to be born to a reigning monarch for 103 years; at the time of his birth he was second in line to the throne. He was christened Andrew Albert Christian Edward and was educated at Heatherdown Preparatory School, Ascot and Gordonstoun School in Morayshire.

On leaving Gordonstoun he entered Britannia Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, from which he passed out as an officer of the Royal Navy, in which he served for 22 years.  He qualified for the 'green beret' commando course and as a helicopter pilot.  He served during the Falklands War as part of 820 Naval Air Squadronon HMS Invincible.  He flew on various missions, including anti-submarine warfare and anti-surface warfare search. He also helped in casualty evacuation, transport and search and air rescue.  The Duke left the Royal Navy in 2001 in the rank of commander.

After service in the Royal Navy the Duke of York became a Special Representative for International Trade and Investment.  This role attracted some controversy: some questioned whether his international trips did anything to promote British trade, and he earned the nick-name 'Air Miles Andy'; for others he epitomised the worse of British overseas business dealings.

On Prince Andrew's marriage to Sarah Ferguson, he was created The Duke of York, Earl of Inverness and Baron Killyleagh, titles traditionally associated with the Monarch's second son.

Honorary Military Appointments

United Kingdom

    1350241S Prince Andrew
  • Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Irish Regiment
  • Colonel-in-Chief of the Small Arms School Corps
  • Colonel-in-Chief of the Yorkshire Regiment
  • Royal Colonel of the Royal Highland Fusiliers, 2nd Battalion Royal Regiment of Scotland
  • Honorary Air Commodore, Royal Air Force Lossiemouth.
  • Commodore-in-Chief of the Fleet Air Arm
  • Admiral of the Sea Cadet Corps
The Duke holds the Honorary rank of Rear Admiral, Royal Navy.

  • Colonel-in-Chief of the Queen's York Rangers (1st American Regiment)
  • Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
  • Colonel-in-Chief of the Princess Louise Fusiliers
  • Colonel-in-Chief of the Canadian Airborne Regiment
New Zealand
  • Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal New Zealand Army Logistic Regiment

Orders, Decorations and Medals


Order of the Garter
Royal Knight (KG), 23 April 2006

Royal Victorian Order
Commander (CVO), 19 December 1979
Knight Commander (KCVO), 2 June 2003
Knight Grand Cross (GCVO), 21 February 2011

Campaign Medals

South Atlantic Medal w rosette BAR.svgSouth Atlantic Medal, with Rosette
The medal signifies participation in the Falklands War, 1982, and the rosette that the prince served within 35° and 60° South (ie, the active zone of operations).
Commemorative Medals
File:Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal ribbon.png  Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal 1977
Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal ribbon.png  Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal 2002
QEII Diamond Jubilee Medal ribbon.png  Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal 2012
New Zealand 1990 Commemoration Medal ribbon.png  New Zealand Commemorative Medal 1990

Long Service Awards

CD-ribbon.png  Canadian Forces Decoration (CD), 2001

Foreign Awards

Norway.  Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav - Grand Cross, 1988
United Arab Emirates.  Order of the Federation - 2010

Sarah, Duchess of York

Sarah Ferguson was born on 15 October 1959 the second daughter of Major Ronald Ferguson and his wife Susan. She married Prince Andrew in Westminster Abbey on 23 July 1986. At the time of their marriage Prince Andrew was created The Duke of York and Sarah became The Duchess of York. In March 1992 it was announced that The Duke and Duchess were to separate; they were divorced in May 1996.

The Duchess of York did not receive any orders or medals.

The couple had two children.
  • Beatrice Elizabeth Mary (born 8 August 1988) 
  • Eugenie Victoria Helena (born 23 March 1990)

As granddaughters of the monarch in the male line they were granted the style HRH and are Princesses of the United Kingdom.

Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie may be members of the Royal Family Order of Elizabeth II (this is not confirmed) and probably received the Golden and Diamond Jubilee Medals.

Royal Family Order of Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal ribbon.png  Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal 2002
QEII Diamond Jubilee Medal ribbon.png  Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal 2012

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