|Field Marshal HRH Prince George, Duke of Cambridge, Earl of Tipperary and Baron Culloden, Prince of Hanover and Duke of Brunswick and Lünenburg|
Early Life and Connections
Prince George was born on 26 March 1819. He was the eldest child and only son of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, the tenth child of George III, and Princess Augusta, a descendent of George II . A proper Hanoverian, he was even born there, as his father served as viceroy for his brothers. The family moved back to England in 1837, when the accession of George's cousin Victoria to the British throne led to the separation of the two crowns. He succeed to the Dukedom on his father's death in 1850.
His sister, Princess Mary Adelaide ('Fat Mary'), was the mother of Mary of Teck, later George V's queen consort.
George followed his father into the army, moving quickly up the ranks - by 1837 he was a colonel in both the Hanoverian and British Armies. But his was no honorary position - he was stationed at Gibraltar, in Ireland and in the Ionian Islands. Prince George was appointed Inspector of the Cavalry in 1852.
In 1854 he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant-general, in command of the 1st Division (Guards and Highland brigades), serving in the Crimean War. He was present at the battles of the Alma, Balaclava and Inkerman (where his horse was shot under him) and at the siege of Sevastopol. He received the thanks of Parliament.
'The grand charge of the Guards on the Heights of the Alma, Sept. 20th, 1854'
The Duke of Cambridge served as colonel-in-chief of the 17th Lancers, Royal Artillery and Royal Engineers; the The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own) and King's Royal Rifle Corps; colonel of the Grenadier Guards; honorary colonel of the 10th (Duke of Cambridge’s Own) Bengal Lancers, 20th Duke of Cambridge's Own Punjabis, 4th Battalion Suffolk Regiment, 1st City of London Volunteer Brigade and the Scots Fusilier Guards. He became governor of the Royal Military Academy in 1862, and its president in 1870. He was the patron of the Oxford Military College from 1876-1896.
The duke died in London on 17 March 1904, the last surviving grandson of George III. He is buried in Kensal Green Cemetery.
|The Duke of Cambridge's tomb in Kensal Green Cemetery|
The Orders and Medals
HRH wears his medals in a Victorian way. His campaign medals are up in his collar and his order stars where a modern soldier would put his medals. This isn't just a one-off or due to the constraints of the jacket he is wearing, as can be seen in most portraits of him.
The orders and medals are, along with his field marshal's baton, uniform and other items in the Guards' Museum, Wellington Barracks, London.
Following regulations for wear, Cambridge only has four stars in each picture.
He was created a knight of the Garter in 1835.
At his neck he wears the badge of a GCMG. The star is in the 'West' position of the photograph and the 'East' of the miniature. He was Grand Master of the Order from 1850 to his death in 1904, becoming a GCMG in 1877.
At the 'South' of the arrangement is the star of the GCB (military division).
However, Cambridge had plenty of stars in the box. He acquired a full set of British orders. He was
KG: Knight of the Garter
KT: Knight of the Thistle
KP: Knight of St Patrick
GCH: Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Guelphic Order
GCB: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
GCSI: Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India
GCMG: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
GCIE: Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire - He was one of the first seven GCIEs in created June 1887 (previously there had only been CIEs and KCIEs).
GCVO: Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order - created 1897 (to mark the Diamond Jubilee?)
KJStJ: Knight of Justice of the Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem
Additionally, he held several foreign orders.